Download Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu PDF

By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk turned the 1st president of Turkey in 1923, he set approximately remodeling his state right into a secular republic the place nationalism sanctified through science--and by way of the character cult Atatürk created round himself--would reign ultimate because the new faith. This booklet offers the 1st in-depth examine the highbrow lifetime of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him in the historic context of the turbulent age during which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the past due Ottoman imperial order to the trendy Turkish nation via his existence and ideas.

laying off mild on the most advanced and enigmatic statesmen of the fashionable period, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's adolescence as a Muslim boy within the risky ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his schooling in nonreligious and army colleges, to his include of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing younger Turks circulation. Who used to be this determine who sought glory as an bold younger officer in global battle I, defied the effective Allies reason on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the final sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's highbrow and ideological improvement at each level of his existence, demonstrating how he used to be profoundly prompted via the recent rules that have been circulating within the sprawling Ottoman realm. He indicates how Atatürk drew on a special mixture of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and different theories to style a grand utopian framework on which to construct his new nation.

Now with a brand new preface, this ebook offers the 1st in-depth examine the highbrow lifetime of the Turkish Republic's founder.

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